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Multi for Men

The world's most advanced multivitamin formula. Complete daily essential vitamins + minerals + cofactors.*

  • Upgrades nutritional status for optimal whole-body performance.*
  • Designed by specialists for men's specific nutritional needs.*
  • Science-backed nutrition technology. Based on Nobel Prize-winning research.*
Upgrade Yourself®with Performance Lab® NutriGenesis® Multi for Men

Unlock the full performance-enhancing power of vitamins and minerals

Suboptimal nutrition limits performance. Performance Lab® NutriGenesis® Multi for Men helps restore nutrients that may be missing from your diet. In doing so, it supports healthy cell performance across all body systems.

NutriGenesis® is ultramodern nutrition technology unique to Performance Lab®. Our vitamins and minerals are bioengineered with cofactors that boost absorption and maximize benefits.

NutriGenesis® Multi supplies 100%+ DV of 16+ essentials, tailored for men. All in NutriCaps®: Prebiotic-infused and vegan-friendly for digestive comfort and peace of mind.

NutriGenesis® Multi for Men

How to take

For full foundational whole-body health support take 4 capsules daily. For best results take 2 in the morning and 2 in the evening, with or without food. And whenever you need an upgrade to fill a nutritional gap in your diet, simply up your dose to 3 in the morning and 3 in the evening.

Ultramodern Design

Our advanced vitamins & minerals are bioengineered using groundbreaking NutriGenesis® technology - to be ‘nature identical’. Allowing us to pack the maximum nutritional value into the smallest possible capsule. Supplying ultraclean performance, customized for male needs.

Easy to swallow

Easy to swallow

Multi is delivered in convenient, easy-to-swallow 00-sized NutriCaps®. 100% plant-based capsules made from pullulan (fermented tapioca) that are ultraclean and naturally prebiotic-infused. Supporting comfortable digestion and superior nutrient absorption for maximum benefit.

Designed for Performance

  • Foundational nutritional support for healthy whole-body biological performance*
  • Supports daily vitality and long-range overall health*
  • Nutrition technology innovation: NutriGenesis® vitamins and minerals*
  • Customized for men; gender-specific dosages and hormonal support*

Healthy for Daily Use

  • Stacks seamlessly with all other Performance Lab® formulas
  • Complexed with absorption-enhancing cofactors; no synthetic or isolated nutrients
  • Supplies at least 100% Daily Value of 17+ essential vitamins and minerals
  • Probiotic-cultivated NutriGenesis® + prebiotic-infused NutriCaps® for digestive comfort*


Nutrition Facts

Serving Size: 4 NutriCaps®

Servings per container: 30

Per Serving
% NRV Amount
Per Serving
NutriGenesis® Vitamins and Minerals
Vitamin A
(as Retinol and Beta-Carotene)
600 mcg RAE 75% Calcium 18 mg 2%
Vitamin C 60 mg 75% Iron 2 mg 14%
Vitamin D 25 mcg 500% Iodine 150 mcg 100%
Vitamin E 20 mg 166% Magnesium 17 mg 5%
Vitamin K (K1 & K2) 100 mcg 133% Zinc 15 mg 150%
Vitamin B1 8 mg 727% Selenium 125 mcg 227%
Vitamin B2 4 mg 285% Copper 1.5 mg 150%
Niacin 20 mg NE 125% Manganese 2 mg 100%
Vitamin B6 4 mg 285% GTF Chromium 120 mcg 300%
Folate 668 mcg 334% Molybdenum 75 mcg 150%
Vitamin B12 50 mcg 2000% Potassium 33 mg 2%
Biotin 300 mcg 600% Inositol 25 mg
Pantothenic Acid 20 mg 333% Boron 1 mg
Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calories diet. † NRV N/A.

Other Ingredients: NutriCaps® Pullulan Capsule, NuFlow® Rice Concentrate.

Suitable for vegans. Contains NO soy, egg, fish, shellfish, dairy, peanut, tree nuts, wheat, or other allergens. Non-GMO and non-irradiated. Free of gluten, synthetic additives, caffeine, artificial colors and preservatives.

Suggested Use: Take 4 capsules daily. Best taken as 2 capsules, twice per day. Take with or without food. For advanced usage guidelines visit www.performancelab.com/Advanced

NutriGenesis® and NutriCaps® are registered trademarks of XGen Biotech Ltd.

BPA Free. Please Recycle.

The Science

Performance-Enhanced Multivitamin Nutrition

Vitamins and minerals are required for healthy performance across all body systems.

Concern: Due to factory farming, processing and other potentially depleting factors, some of today’s foods may be less nutrient-dense.

Multivitamins help, but many supply inferior isolated and synthetic nutrient forms that are harder for the body to absorb and utilize.

NutriGenesis® Multi vitamins and minerals are different.

NutriGenesis® Multi for Men

Performance Lab® proprietary NutriGenesis® vitamins and minerals are a nutrition technology breakthrough: Complexed with natural cofactors including probiotics, fiber, enzymes and antioxidants that enhance their bioavailability and health-supportive activity.

NutriGenesis® Multi vitamin
and mineral essentials support:

  • Cardiovascular health*
  • Metabolic performance*
  • Immune function*
  • Bones and joints*
  • Energy metabolism*
  • Healthy aging*
  • Brain and nervous system*
  • Muscle growth and function*
  • Hormone balance*
  • Skin, hair and nails*
  • Digestive health*
  • More*

NutriGenesis® Multi for Men builds a strong nutritional foundation for healthy human performance:

NutriGenesis® Nutrients Support
Vitamin A Vision, skin, immune, protein synthesis, tissue repair, bones, antioxidant*
Vitamin C Immune, cardiovascular, skin, joints, antioxidant, gums, bones, muscle*
Vitamin D3 Immunity, bones, testosterone, cell function, protein synthesis*
Vitamin E Antioxidant, cardiovascular, hair, skin, nails, tissue repair*
Vitamin K1 + K2 Bones, cardiovascular, connective tissue*
Vitamin B1 Nervous system, energy metabolism*
Vitamin B2 Red blood cell formation, cell growth, energy metabolism, antioxidant*
Vitamin B3 Circulation, protein and fat metabolism, nervous system, skin*
Vitamin B5 Energy metabolism, hormone production, cardiovascular*
Vitamin B6 Brain chemicals, immune, blood cell formation, nervous system, blood sugar*
Vitamin B7 Hair, skin, nails, energy, blood sugar, cell growth, nervous system*
Vitamin B9 New cell formation, DNA synthesis*
Vitamin B12 Energy metabolism, heart health, nervous system, cognitive function*
Calcium Bones, joints, cardiovascular, muscles, nervous system, hormones*
Iron Blood cell formation, oxygen transport, brain chemical synthesis*
Iodine Metabolism, thyroid function*
Magnesium Energy, cardiovascular, bones, testosterone, muscle relaxation, nervous system, blood sugar*
Zinc Immune, vision, testosterone, nerves, cell growth*
Selenium Immune, antioxidant, thyroid*
Copper Energy, nervous system, cardiovascular, antioxidant, blood cell formation, vision, immune*
Manganese Enzyme cofactor, metabolism, blood sugar, antioxidant, bones*
Chromium Metabolism, energy, weight management, blood sugar*
Molybdenum Enzyme function, metabolism*
Inositol Nervous system, skin, cognition, mood*
Boron Bones, testosterone, joints, connective tissue*
Potassium Hydration, muscle function, nervous system, kidney health, heart health*

Why Upgrade to Performance Lab®
NutriGenesis® Multi?

Beyond superior absorption, lab-grown NutriGenesis® nutrients are safer, cleaner and more eco-friendly than nutrients found in standard multivitamin supplements:

Standard Multivitamin Drawbacks NutriGenesis® Multi Advantages
Synthetic and isolated nutrients: Harder to absorb and less biologically active than their natural counterparts. Nature-identical nutrients: Complexed with natural cofactors, enhancing their bioavailability and activity.
GMOs: Genetic modification may reduce nutritional value by altering natural structure and limiting bioavailability. Non-GMO: Naturally cultivated in a hydroponic solution; we never use genetically-modified nutrients.
Strange additives: Artificial food dyes, fake flavors and synthetic preservatives that just don’t belong. Additive-free: NutriGenesis® Multi supply clean vitamins and minerals only – zero additives.
Nutrients of questionable origin: May be produced in toxic, unclean or otherwise unknown conditions. Produced in our own lab: Grown in our clean, state-of-the-art lab. No surprises – just clean nutrition.
Unnatural megadoses: Some multivitamins supply far more nutrition than you want or need. Balanced dosages: Precisely calibrated to restore with as much as needed, but no more than necessary.
Not always easy on the stomach: May be associated with digestive discomfort. Designed for comfort: Cultured vitamins and minerals + prebiotic-infused NutriCaps® for digestive support.
Eco-UNfriendly: Farming and mining nutrient origins may include herbicides, pesticides, eco-destructive practices. Eco-Friendly: Lab-grown; no pesticides, no herbicides, no soil depletion, no mining and small carbon footprint .

More on NutriGenesis®

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Performance Lab® NutriGenesis® Multi for Men

Ready to upgrade your multivitamin? Make NutriGenesis® Multi for Men your Performance Lab® starting point. Restore healthy cell function and advance to peak performance.

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NutriGenesis® Multi for Men

1 Month Supply (1 Box)


  • AU$69.00/box;
    AU$2.30/standard serving
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NutriGenesis® Multi for Men
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Who should take Performance Lab® NutriGenesis® Multi?

Everyone. Biological performance across all body systems depends on vitamins and minerals, but research suggests suboptimal intake of many essential nutrients may be a widespread concern. Restoring healthy nutritional status is an important first step in human performance optimization. NutriGenesis® Multi helps restore essential nutrients back to optimal levels, supporting the whole-body health that is the basis of all human performance.

How do I take Performance Lab® NutriGenesis® Multi?

Take 4-6 NutriGenesis® Multi capsules daily. For best results take 2-3 capsules in the morning and 2-3 capsules in the evening, with or without food. For those seeking additional nutritional reinforcement, up to six NutriGenesis® Multi capsules daily may be taken.

Why do other multivitamins provide more vitamin and mineral DV than Performance Lab® NutriGenesis® Multi?

Some multivitamins may supply larger doses to compensate for using isolated nutrient forms, which are harder for the body to absorb. NutriGenesis® Multi nutrients are easy to absorb and highly bioavailable, designed to more efficiently raise nutritional status with lower doses.

Is Performance Lab® NutriGenesis® Multi safe?

Like all Performance Lab® supplements, NutriGenesis® Multi is designed to be safe for long-term daily use. NutriGenesis® Multi achieves this by using pure, potent ingredients that are dosed appropriately and in line with clinical research. NutriGenesis® Multi's clean formula design – free of GMOs, gluten, soy, colorants, preservatives and other additives – is also well-tolerated by the body; safe and beneficial for long-term daily use.

What is NutriGenesis®?

NutriGenesis® is a Performance Lab® nutrition technology innovation: Vitamins, minerals and amino acids grown in live cultures at our state-of-the-art lab.

A true biological nutrient form, NutriGenesis® closely mirrors the molecular structure of food nutrients. NutriGenesis® nutrients offer significant advantages over standard nutrient forms.

Featured in several Performance Lab® formulas, NutriGenesis® vitamins, minerals and amino acids are bioengineered to be safe, active and highly effective for overall health and performance.

Why did Performance Lab® develop NutriGenesis®?

Vitamins, minerals and amino acids are the most important nutrients you need to build a strong foundation for health and performance.

Performance Lab® developed NutriGenesis® to have our own in-house vitamins, minerals and amino acids to use in our own nutritional supplements.

In producing NutriGenesis®, Performance Lab® can best maintain our industry-leading quality standards for cleanliness, purity, effectiveness and eco-friendliness, across all our ultramodern formulas.

How is NutriGenesis® different from other nutrient forms?

Not all vitamins, minerals and amino acids are the same. There are many nutrient forms, produced with a variety of processes. Some of the most popular nutrient forms available in supplements today include:

Whole Food Concentrates

Whole food vitamin and mineral supplements are sourced from fruits, vegetables, herbs and mushrooms. They include natural cofactors that make food nutrients so easy for the body to absorb and utilize. However, they do require extensive processing and may be made with GMOs, mass agriculture and dirty eco-destructive practices.

Isolated Chemical (USP) Nutrients

Isolated Chemical (USP) is the cheapest vitamin and mineral form found in the most basic multivitamin supplements. This synthetic form chemically alters vitamins and minerals, isolating them from their whole-food cofactors. As a result, Isolated Chemical (USP) nutrients are typically harder to absorb and less effective than whole food nutrients.

Chelated Minerals

In this process, a mineral nutrient (such as iron, calcium, zinc) is bound with a chelator: An organic molecule (often an amino acid) that is large enough to enrobe the mineral. By surrounding the mineral, the chelator protects it against degradation. Chelated nutrients are highly stable and may improve nutrient uptake and utilization.

NutriGenesis® is different from traditional nutrient forms: Bioengineered to be better.

NutriGenesis® are cultured nutrients that replicate the creation of vitamins, minerals and aminos in nature.

NutriGenesis® is based on the work of Nobel Prize-winning physiologist Albert Szent Gyorgy, who theorized that nutrients presented in their naturally grown forms supply cofactors that make them more bioavailable, biologically active and effective than nutrients that are isolated.

In the NutriGenesis® process, single-cell organisms are seeded with micronutrients in a hydroponic growth medium.

The live single-cell organisms “eat” the micronutrients, divide and thrive. As the cultures grow, they produce fresh new NutriGenesis® vitamins, minerals and aminos within a matrix of natural cofactors. This familiar structure is more easily absorbed and utilized by the body.

More on the NutriGenesis® Process

NutriGenesis® advantages over other forms:

NutriGenesis® is essentially food nutrition. Mirroring food nutrients molecule-by-molecule, our vitamins, minerals and aminos are presented in pure elemental form. Maximum nutrition: Nothing more, nothing less.

Enhanced effectiveness. Because NutriGenesis® nutrients are in food-matrix form, they are recognized by the body as nature-identical -- maximizing nutrient uptake, bioavailability and beneficial activity.

Patented and researched. The patented process behind NutriGenesis® has been shown in research to enhance nutrient absorption and retention (when compared to chemical isolates).

Cleaner and safer. NutriGenesis® is produced in a sterile, tightly controlled lab setting. NutriGenesis® is minimally processed, requiring no pesticides, herbicides or other synthetics associated with some other whole-food nutrients.

Better for the planet: The NutriGenesis® process is clean and efficient, with little carbon footprint or environmental impact – especially when compared to factory farming for phytonutrients and strip mining for minerals.

Which formulas feature NutriGenesis® nutrients?

It all begins with NutriGenesis® Multi for Men and Multi for Women: Performance Lab®’s multivitamin starting point for human performance optimization.

NutriGenesis® vitamins, minerals and amino acids are also found in Performance Lab® formulas Stim, Flex, BCAA, Pre, Post and Maintain.

Beyond Performance Lab®, NutriGenesis® B-Vitamins are found in Mind Lab Pro®: the Universal Nootropic™.

30-Day Performance Promise

Your first order of any Performance Lab® product is covered by our 30-day performance promise.

Put Performance Lab® NutriGenesis® Multi for Men to the test for a full 30 days and if you don’t see results, we’ll refund your money. No questions asked.

Simply get in touch with a member of our Customer Care team.

The Performance Lab® Performance Promise covers one container of any of our products, up to a maximum of three products per order. You’ll need to return any unused boxes.

NutriGenesis® Multi for Men stacks well with…

NutriGenesis® Multi + Prebiotic

Prebiotic boosts probiotic Bifidobacterium that enhance NutriGenesis® Multi calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc absorption. Bifidobacterium also supports natural synthesis of B-vitamins and vitamin K.

Take NutriGenesis® Multi + Prebiotic to efficiently improve your nutritional status and promote healthy biological performance across all cells, organs and body systems.

NutriGenesis® Multi for Men and Prebiotic form a powerful stack for your nutritional health.

Learn More

NutriGenesis® Multi + Energy

Energy is a stim-free vitality formula that enhances cells’ powerhouse mitochondria.

NutriGenesis® Multi complements Energy with B-complex vitamins for cell energy metabolism plus copper to support mitochondrial function.

Together, NutriGenesis® Multi + Energy supply fundamental and advanced cell energy support to unleash clean vitality for exceptional life performance.

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NutriGenesis® Multi + Sleep

NutriGenesis® Multi supplies foundational nutrients for tissue growth and repair. Sleep helps extend the deep sleep phases where tissue maintenance is performed.

NutriGenesis® Multi also augments Sleep’s magnesium with additional mineral support for sleep-enhancing muscle and nervous system relaxation.

Take NutriGenesis® Multi + Sleep to optimize nightly regenerative processes throughout your body.

Learn More


The research and studies behind Performance Lab® NutriGenesis® Multi.

Learn More

Vitamin A

Borel P, Desmarchelier C. Genetic Variations Associated with Vitamin A Status and Vitamin A Bioavailability. Nutrients. 2017 Mar 8;9(3). pii: E246.
Tanumihardjo SA, et al. Biomarkers of Nutrition for Development (BOND)-Vitamin A Review. J Nutr. 2016 Sep;146(9):1816S-48S. doi: 10.3945/jn.115.229708.

Vitamin C

Moser MA, Chun OK. Vitamin C and Heart Health: A Review Based on Findings from Epidemiologic Studies. Int J Mol Sci. 2016 Aug 12;17(8).
Figueroa-Méndez R, Rivas-Arancibia S. Vitamin C in Health and Disease: Its Role in the Metabolism of Cells and Redox State in the Brain. Front Physiol. 2015; 6: 397.
Pauling L. Are recommended daily allowances for vitamin C adequate? Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1974 Nov;71(11):4442-6.
Li Y, Schellhorn HE. New developments and novel therapeutic perspectives for vitamin C. J Nutr 2007;137:2171-84.
Jacob RA, Sotoudeh G. Vitamin C function and status in chronic disease. Nutr Clin Care 2002;5:66-74
Frei B, England L, Ames BN. Ascorbate is an outstanding antioxidant in human blood plasma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1989;86:6377-81.
Wintergerst ES,et al. Immune-enhancing role of vitamin C and zinc and effect on clinical conditions. Ann Nutr Metab., 50(2):85-94. Epub 2005 Dec 21.
Telang PS. Vitamin C in dermatology. Indian Dermatol Online J., 2013 Apr-Jun; 4(2): 143–146.

Vitamin D

Naeem, Z. Vitamin D Deficiency- An Ignored Epidemic. International Journal of Health Sciences, 2010 4(1), V–VI.
Mousa A, Naderpoor N, et al. Vitamin D and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Diseases. Minerva Endocrinol. 2015 Feb 25.
Holick MF. Vitamin D deficiency. N Engl J Med 2007;357:266-81.
Calvo MS, Whiting SJ, Barton CN. Vitamin D fortification in the United States and Canada: current status and data needs. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:1710S-6S
Davis CD, Dwyer JT. The ‘sunshine vitamin’: benefits beyond bone? J Natl Cancer Inst 2007;99:1563-5
Wang H, et al. Vitamin D and Chronic Diseases. Aging Dis. 2017 May; 8(3): 346–353.
Hill TR, Aspray TJ. The role of vitamin D in maintaining bone health in older people. Ther Adv Musculoskelet Dis. 2017 Apr;9(4):89-95.

Vitamin E

De la Fuente M, et al. Vitamin E ingestion improves several immune functions in elderly men and women. Free Radic Res. 2008;42(3):272-80.
Traber MG. Vitamin E regulatory mechanisms. Annu Rev Nutr 2007;27:347-62.
Sen CK, Khanna S, Roy S. Tocotrienols: vitamin E beyond tocopherols. Life Sci 2006;78:2088-98.
Stampfer MJ, Hennekens CH, Manson JE, Colditz GA, Rosner B, Willett WC. Vitamin E consumption and the risk of coronary disease in women. N Engl J Med 1993;328:1444-9.
Wu K, Willett WC, Chan JM, Fuchs CS, Colditz GA, Rimm EB, et al. A prospective study on supplemental vitamin E intake and risk of colon cancer in women and men. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2002;11:1298-304
Taylor HR, Tikellis G, Robman LD, McCarty CA, McNeil JJ. Vitamin E supplementation and macular degeneration: randomized controlled trial. BMJ 2002;325:11.
Lonn E, et al.; HOPE and HOPE-TOO Trial Investigators. Effects of long-term vitamin E supplementation on cardiovascular events and cancer: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2005;293:1338-47

Vitamin K

Shea MK et al. Vitamin K, Circulating Cytokines, and Bone Mineral Density in Older Men and Women. The American journal of clinical nutrition 88.2 (2008): 356–363.
Vermeer C, Gijsbers BL, Craciun AM, et al. Effects of vitamin K on bone mass and bone metabolism. J Nutr 1996;126:1187S-91S
Booth SL, Broe KE, Gagnon DR, Tucker KL, Hannan MT, McLean RR, et al. Vitamin K intake and bone mineral density in women and men. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;77:512-6.
Cockayne S, Adamson J, Lanham-New S, Shearer MJ, Gilbody S, Torgerson DJ. Vitamin K and the prevention of fractures: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:1256-61

B Vitamins

Porter K, Hoey L, Hughes CF, Ward M, McNulty H. Causes, Consequences and Public Health Implications of Low B-Vitamin Status in Ageing. Nutrients. 2016 Nov 16;8(11). pii: E725.
Kennedy DO. B Vitamins and the Brain: Mechanisms, Dose and Efficacy--A Review. Nutrients. 2016 Jan 27;8(2):68
van der Beek EJ, et al. Thiamin, riboflavin and vitamin B6: impact of restricted intake on physical performance in man. J Am Coll Nutr. 1994 Dec;13(6):629-40.
Ebadi M. Regulation and function of pyridoxal phosphate in CNS. Neurochem Int. 1981;3(3-4):181-205.
Malouf R, Grimley Evans J. The effect of vitamin B6 on cognition. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(4):CD004393.
Wilcken DE, Wilcken B. B vitamins and homocysteine in cardiovascular disease and aging. Ann N Y Acad Sci., 1998 Nov 20;854:361-70.
Strain JJ, et al. B-vitamins, homocysteine metabolism and CVD. Proc Nutr Soc. Nov;2004, 63(4):597-603
Zittoun J, Zittoun R. Modern clinical testing strategies in cobalamin and folate deficiency. Sem Hematol 1999;36:35-46.


National Institutes of Health. Optimal calcium intake. NIH Consensus Statement: 1994;12:1-31.
Shea B, et al. Calcium supplementation on bone loss in postmenopausal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(1):CD004526.
Cumming RG. Calcium intake and bone mass: a quantitative review of the evidence. Calcif Tissue Int. 1990 Oct;47(4):194-201.
Szent-Gyorgy AG. Calcium regulation of muscle contraction. Biophys J. 1975 Jul; 15(7): 707-23.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Recommendations to prevent and control iron deficiency in the United States. MMWR Recomm Rep 1998;47:1-29.
Napolitano M, Dolce A, Celenza G, Grandone E, Perilli MG, Siragusa S, et al. Iron-dependent erythropoiesis in women with excessive menstrual blood losses and women with normal menses. Ann Hematol 2014;93:557-63


Patrick L. Iodine: Deficiency and therapeutic considerations. Altern Med Rev 2008;13:116-27. View abstract.


Maggio M, et al. Magnesium and anabolic hormones in older men. Int J Androl. 2011 Dec;34(6 Pt 2):e594-600.
Del Gobbo LC, Imamura F, Wu JHY, Otto MCdO, Chiuve SE, Mozaffarian D. Circulating and dietary magnesium and risk of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Am J Clin Nutr 2013;98:160-73
Rude RK, Singer FR, Gruber HE. Skeletal and hormonal effects of magnesium deficiency. J Am Coll Nutr 2009;28:131–41.


Prasad AS. Zinc in Human Health: Effect of Zinc on Immune Cells. Mol Med. 2008 May-Jun; 14(5-6): 353–357.
Newsome DA et al. Oral zinc in macular degeneration. Arch Ophthalmol. 1988 Feb;106(2):192-8
Maret W, Sandstead HH. Zinc requirements and the risks and benefits of zinc supplementation. J Trace Elem Med Biol 2006;20:3-18
MacDonald RS. The role of zinc in growth and cell proliferation. J Nutr. 2000 May;130(5S Suppl):1500S-8S.


Rayman MP. Selenium and human health. Lancet 2012;379:1256-68.
Burk RF. Selenium, an antioxidant nutrient. Nutr Clin Care. 2002 Mar-Apr;5(2):75-9.
Schomburg L. Selenium, selenoproteins and the thyroid gland: interactions in health and disease. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2011 Oct 18;8(3):160-71. doi: 10.1038/nrendo.2011.174.


Klevay, L. M., Reck, S. J., Jacob, R. A., Logan, G. M., Jr., Munoz, J. M., and Sandstead, H. H. The human requirement for copper. I. Healthy men fed conventional, American diets. Am.J.Clin.Nutr. 1980;33(1):45-50.
Kelley DS. Effects of low-copper diets on human immune response. Am J Clin Nutr. 1995 Aug;62(2):412-6.
Kong GK. Copper binding to the Alzheimer's disease amyloid precursor protein. Eur Biophys J. 2008 Mar;37(3):269-79. Epub 2007 Nov 21.


Greger, J. L., Davis, C. D., Suttie, J. W., and Lyle, B. J. Intake, serum concentrations, and urinary excretion of manganese by adult males. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;51:457-461
Keen, C. L., Ensunsa, J. L., Watson, M. H., Baly, D. L., Donovan, S. M., Monaco, M. H., and Clegg, M. S. Nutritional aspects of manganese from experimental studies. Neurotoxicology 1999;20(2-3):213-223
Crowley, J. D., Traynor, D. A., and Weatherburn, D. C. Enzymes and proteins containing manganese: an overview. Met.Ions.Biol Syst. 2000;37:209-278


Anderson, R. A. Nutritional factors influencing the glucose/insulin system: chromium. J Am.Coll.Nutr. 1997;16(5):404-410.
Vincent JB. The biochemistry of chromium. J Nutr. 2000 Apr;130(4):715-8.
Krikorian R et al. Improved cognitive-cerebral function in older adults with chromium supplementation. Nutr.Neurosci. 2010;13(3):116-122.


Turnlund JR, Keyes WR. Plasma molybdenum reflects dietary molybdenum intake. J Nutr Biochem 2004;15:90-5.
Hille, R. Molybdenum enzymes. Essays Biochem 1999;34:125-137
Reiss, J. Genetics of molybdenum cofactor deficiency. Hum.Genet. 2000;106(2):157-163


Fonseca JE. Rebalancing bone turnover in favour of formation with strontium ranelate: implications for bone strength. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008 Jul;47 Suppl 4:iv17-19. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/ken165.
Marie PJ, Ammann P, Boivin G, Rey C. Mechanisms of action and therapeutic potential of strontium in bone. Calcif Tissue Int. 2001 Sep;69(3):121-9.
Bruyere O. Effects of strontium ranelate on spinal osteoarthritis progression. Ann Rheum Dis. 2008 Mar;67(3):335-9. Epub 2007 Oct 26.


Levine J. Controlled trials of inositol in psychiatry. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 1997;7:147-55.
Colodny L, Hoffman RL. Inositol--clinical applications for exogenous use. Altern Med Rev. 1998 Dec;3(6):432-47.
Hawthorne JN. Inositol lipid metabolism and cell membrane. Biochem J. 1972 Jun; 128(1): 19P-20P.


Woods, W. G. An introduction to boron: history, sources, uses, and chemistry. Environ.Health Perspect. 1994;102 Suppl 7:5-11.
Pizzorno L. Nothing Boring About Boron. Integr Med (Encinitas). 2015 Aug; 14(4): 35–48.


Fulgoni V III. Victor L. Fulgoni III Foods, Fortificants, and Supplements: Where Do Americans Get Their Nutrients? American Society for Nutrition
Wallace TC, McBurney M, Fulgoni VL 3rd. Multivitamin/mineral supplement contribution to micronutrient intakes in the United States, 2007-2010. J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(2):94-102.
Moe S. Disorders Involving Calcium, Phosphorus, and Magnesium. Prim Care. 2008 Jun; 35(2):
Genius SJ, Bouchard TP. Combination of Micronutrients for Bone (COMB) Study: Bone Density after Micronutrient Intervention. J Environ Public Health. 2012; 2012: 354151.
Miggiano GA, Gagliardi L. Diet, nutrition and bone health. Clin Ter.2005, Jan-Apr;156(1-2):47-56.
Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2000

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